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Bull Money Spread

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Bill will exercise the long call component of the bull spread buying the lower strike call and simultaneously selling the higher strike call . His gain is the difference between the higher strike call and the lower strike call minus the initial cost of the contract. One can enter a more aggressive bull spread position by widening the difference between the strike price of the two call options. However, this will also mean that the stock price must move upwards by a greater degree for the trader to realise the maximum profit. The closer the strike prices are to the underlying’s price, the more debit will be paid, but the probability is higher that the option will finish in-the-money. The larger the spread width between the long call and the short short, the more premium will be paid, and the maximum potential profit will be higher.

maximum profit potential
buying and selling

The worst that can happen is for the stock to be below the lower strike price at expiration. In that case, both call options expire worthless, and the loss incurred is simply the initial outlay for the position . The options trader employing this strategy hopes that the price of the underlying security goes up far enough that the written put options expire worthless.

The https://topforexnews.org/ profit is limited in either Bull Call or Bull Put Spreads. While deploying this strategy, a net debit of the Premium will occur, or a cost will be involved in setting up this strategy. For this strategy, the net effect of time decay is somewhat neutral. It’s eroding the value of the option you purchased and the option you sold . A long call spread gives you the right to buy stock at strike price A and obligates you to sell the stock at strike price B if assigned. Scans for stochastic overbought and oversold readings for short put/call credit spread swing trading.

If the stock price is in-between the strike prices at expiration, such as $149.81, the long 145 call will have value while the 155 call will expire worthless. At $149.81, the 145 call will be worth $4.81 ($149.81 Stock Price – $145 Strike Price) and the 155 call will be worth $0, resulting in no profit or loss on the trade. So, it can be seen that the objective of the bull spread strategy is to earn profit from the gradual price rise in the underlying stock but at a lower cost. Also, given the lower risk, this strategy limits the scope of potential gains.

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For example, if the original bull call spread has a March expiration date and cost $2.00, an investor could sell-to-close the entire spread and buy-to-open a new position in April. If this results in a $1.00 debit, the maximum profit potential decreases by $100 per contract and the maximum loss increases by $100 per contract. To implement a bull call spread involves choosing the asset that is likely to experience a slight appreciation over a set period of time . The net difference between the premium received for selling the call and the premium paid for buying the call is the cost of the strategy. Bull call spreads have limited profit potential, but they cost less than buying only the lower strike call.

  • For more information on long calls and bullish spreads, please visit Understanding Options on Schwab.com.
  • One way you can help offset the impact of time decay on a long option is by simultaneously selling another option against your initial position to form what is known as an options spread.
  • The outlook is more aggressive and the maximum risk will be higher.
  • As the name suggests, a bull call spread is a bullish strategy, as it profits when the underlying stock price rises.
  • Andrew Hecht is an expert in commodities trading, with 35+ years of experience researching, evaluating, and executing significant trades.
  • All investments involve risk and losses may exceed the principal invested.

The benefit of a higher short call strike is a higher maximum to the strategy’s potential profit. The disadvantage is that the premium received is smaller, the higher the short call’s strike price. The good news is that this is the most we can lose on this trade. Our maximum profit in any bull call spread is simply the difference between the 2 spreads times 100, minus our cost. Essentially, a bull call spread’s delta, which compares the change in the underlying asset’s price to the change in the option’s premium, is net positive. A bull vertical spread requires the simultaneous purchase and sale of options with different strike prices, but of the same class and expiration date.

Calculating Bull Spread Profits and Losses

Bear and bull spreads help investors reduce the risk of a loss of capital while providing maximum returns in both bear and bull markets—as long as their assumptions of price trends are correct. The stock price of XYZ begins to rise and closes at $46 on expiration date. Both options expire in-the-money with the JUL 40 call having an intrinsic value of $600 and the JUL 45 call having an intrinsic value of $100. Since the trader had a debit of $200 when he bought the spread, his net profit is $300. The maximum risk of the bullish call spread is limited to the total premium paid in buying a low strike price call.

The trader is either risk-averse, wanting to know beforehand their maximum loss, or wants greater leverage than simply owning a stock. The bear spread in futures makes money if the contango widens or deferred prices move higher than nearby prices. Both of these futures spreads are intra-commodity spreads, time or calendar spreads, and expresses a market view of supply and demand. Commodities are traded in terms, or a period of time with a delivery date. Deferred prices refer to the later months in a term, while nearby refers to the months in a term that are closer to the purchase date. Backwardation is a market condition whereby deferred prices are lower than nearby prices.

A demo and example bot template for our workshop on RSI swing trading with credit spreads. I find that the best way to help establish the grounds for a meaningful comparison is through the use of an example. Let’s assume that there are two traders who are equally bullish on XYZ in the near-term and intend to use options to potentially capitalize on that bullish forecast. Amongst all the spread strategies, the bull call spread is one the most popular one. The strategy comes handy when you have a moderately bullish view on the stock/index.

In writing the two options, the investor witnessed a cash outflow of $10 from purchasing a call option and a cash inflow of $3 from selling a call option. Netting the amounts together, the investor sees an initial cash outflow of $7 from the two call options. Long-term equity anticipation securities are options contracts with expiration dates that are longer than one year. The bull call spread consists of the following steps involving two call options. In finance, a spread usually refers to the difference between two prices of a security or asset, or between two similar assets.

Example of Bull Call Spread

However, at expiration, the stock price was only slightly above the long call spread’s breakeven price. As a result, the long call spread trader didn’t make or lose any money by holding the trade to expiration. The following strategies are similar to the bull call spread in that they are also bullish strategies that have limited profit potential and limited risk.


There are two types of options used in bull and bear spreads—a call option, or the option to buy; and a put option, or an option to sell. The put and call options for each of the different spreads have different effects on the trader and their capital. Traders can trade the physical commodity or derivatives of them. The following explanations assume derivatives are used in the trades and options described. In the first 30 days of the trade, the stock price stagnates around the breakeven price of the long call spread.

When a Bull Call Spread is purchased, the trader instantly knows the maximum amount of money they can possibly lose and the maximum amount of money they can make. Bull put spreads and the bear call spreads are credit spreads, in that they collect premiums . Bull and bear spreads are tools used by commodity traders to express a view on either outright price or supply and demand within specific markets. The movement in underlying security doesn’t affect the outcome (profit/loss). This arbitrage strategy is to earn small profits irrespective of the market movements in any direction.

This https://en.forexbrokerslist.site/ is also called a put credit spread because the trader will receive a credit for entering the position. This strategy is also called a call debit spread because it causes the trader to incur a debit up front to enter the position. A call option is a contract that gives the option buyer the right to buy an underlying asset at a specified price within a specific time period.

However, with around 45 days to expiration, the stock jumps 30% to $80 after an earnings announcement. If the stock price is between 145 and 155 at expiration, only the long call expires in-the-money, resulting in a position of +100 shares for the call spread buyer. If the long and short call are both in-the-money at expiration, the assignments offset, resulting in no stock position.

Since a https://forex-trend.net/ put spread involves writing a put optionthat has a higher strike price than that of the long call options, the trade typically generates a credit at the start. The investor pays a premium for buying the put option but also gets paid a premium for selling a put option at a higher strike price than that of the one he purchased. Since a bull call spread involves writing a call option for a higher strike price than that of the current market in long calls, the trade typically requires an initial cash outlay.

If the share price moves above the strike price the holder may decide to purchase shares at that price but are under no obligation to do so. Again, in this scenario, the holder would be out the price of the premium. If at expiry, the stock price has risen and is trading above the upper strike price—the second, sold call option—the investor exercises their first option with the lower strike price.

Then we will perform the same assessment on Trader #2’s bull call spread. Finally, we will put these two strategies side by side and review their respective benefits and trade-offs. The passage of time hurts the position, though not as much as it does a plain long call position. Since the strategy involves being long one call and short another with the same expiration, the effects of time decay on the two contracts may offset each other to a large degree. The bull call spread is a two leg spread strategy traditionally involving ATM and OTM options. However you can create the bull call spread using other strikes as well.

Because this represents the MAXIMUM profit that we will earn from this trade, which we will get to keep in our accounts so long as the price of MSFT is above $240 one month from now. Our cost per contract is the difference between the two calls, $2.65, times 100 or $265. A stock option gives an investor the right, but not the obligation, to buy or sell a stock at an agreed-upon price and date. The following is the profit/loss graph at expiration for the Bull Call Spread in the example given on the previous page. This strategy has high margin maintenance requirements and in many cases, the trader won’t have the margin available to do that.

There is no risk of loss while the profit potential would be the difference between two strike prices minus net premium. The break-even point would be the long call strike plus the premium paid. The maximum gain is capped at expiration, should the stock price do even better than hoped and exceed the higher strike price.

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